Monday, October 13, 2008

Xuanda Expressway

The Xuanda Expressway , is an expressway in China which links Xuanhua in Hebei province with Datong in Shanxi province.

The Xuanda Expressway gets its name by the combination of two one-character Chinese abbreviations of both Xuanhua and Datong .


Basic Route: Jingzhang Expressway - Xuanhua - Yangyuan - Dayun Expressway

Status: The entire expressway is complete and open to traffic.

The eastern end of the expressway links with the Jingzhang Expressway to Beijing and Zhangjiakou near Xuanhua, while the western end continues as the Dayun Expressway, which runs through Taiyuan down to Yuncheng, the at the southwestern tip of Shanxi province.

The expressway's route runs slightly southwest, passing through Yangyuan in Hebei before entering Shanxi, continuing west, and reaching Datong.


Little is known about the history of the Xuanda Expressway . However, it was opened in December 2002, as part of China's 9th Five-Year Plan's major construction works. The expressway is often used for coal transport.

Its total length is around 126 kilometres. It forms part of the Jingda Expressway, which is a unified term for the Xuanda Expressway and the Jingzhang Expressway.

Road Conditions

Speed Limit

Variable speed limits are generally 90 - 110 km/h. Speed checks are rare.


Entire stretch charges tolls. Toll system not networked. Central toll gate at jurisdictional change .


4 lanes throughout.

Surface Conditions

Relatively good.


Sparse to uncongested.

Major Exits

Xuanhua, Huashaoying, Yangyuan, Datong.

Service Areas

Xuanhua, Huashaoying, Yangyuan


Dayun Expressway: Becomes the Dayun Expressway at the Donghehe Exit..

Jingzhang Expressway: Becomes the Jingzhang Expressway after exit No. 1 heading for Beijing.

List of Exits

Symbols: ↗ = exit, ? = main interchange; ? = central toll gate; S = service area

Listed are exits heading west and southwest as of Xuanda/Jingzhang Expwy interchange

: Continues from Jingzhang Expressway
? 2: '''' Zhangjiakou, Xuanhua
S Xuanhua
? Toll Gate
↗ 3: Shenjing,
S Huashaoying
↗ 4: Huashaoying
S Yangquan
? Sunqizhuang
Donghehe / Datong
: Continues as Dayun Expressway

Tangjin Expressway

The Tangjin Expressway is an expressway in China which links Tangshan in Hebei province to Tianjin.

It links Tangshan to Tianjin.

The Tangjin Expressway gets its name by the combination of two one-character Chinese abbreviations of both Tangshan and Tianjin .


The Tangjin Expressway passes through Hebei province and Tianjin municipality.

Basic Route: Tangshan - Tanggu West - Tianjin

Status: The entire expressway is complete.



Road Conditions

Speed Limit

Maximum speed limit of 110 km/h.


Approximately CNY 0.4 per kilometre.


6 lanes and 4 lanes interchangeably.

Surface Conditions

Of acceptable quality. Parts appear rather "worn down".


Relatively uncongested.

Major Exits

Hebei Section: Tangshan

Tianjin Section: Jingjintang Expressway, Jinghu Expressway, Tianjin

Service Areas

Hebei Section: Tangshan

Tianjin Section: A service area is under projection and construction is expected at Hangu.


Jingjintang Expressway: Connects at Tanggu West

List of Exits

Symbols: ↗ = exit; ? = main interchange; S = service area; ? = central toll gate

Entire stretch

:''Expressway begins at the intersection with the Jingshen Expressway''
? ''''
↗ 1: Tangshan East, Guye District
? 2: '''' Kaiping District, Jinggang Port
S Tangshan
↗ 3: Tangshan South, Tanghai
↗ 4: Fengnan District
? 5: '''' China National Highway 205
? Tianjin/Hebei provincial boundary
↗ 6: Hangu Farm
? ''Hangu Service Area under construction''
↗ 7: Ninghe, Lutai
↗ 8: Hangu District
↗ 9: Qinghe Farm
? 10: '''' Tianjin, Tanggu
:''Expressway ends at the Outer Ring Road ''

Shitai Expressway

The Shitai Expressway links Shijiazhuang, capital of China's Hebei province, to Taiyuan in the west, capital of Shanxi province.

Spanning a distance of over 150 kilometres, it passes through Jiuguan, Niangzi Pass, Pingding, Yangquan, Shouyang and Jinzhong before arriving at Taiyuan.

It is also known in Shanxi as the Taijiu Expressway .

It links with the ring road expressway near Taiyuan, ultimately linking north to the Dayun Expressway heading toward Datong, and southwest toward the Jiaofen Expressway and the Dayun Expressway heading south toward Yuncheng.

Laofa railway station

Laofa railway station is a fourth-class station at 87 km on Jingshan railway.

The station was built in 1895. It is located in Laofa town, Langfang city, Hebei province.

Jingzhang Expressway

The Jingzhang Expressway is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Zhangjiakou. It forms part of the Jingda Expressway from central Beijing through to Datong in Shanxi province.

Previously, traffic used China National Highway 110, which used to be clogged up with traffic. With the traffic situation as it is, and with the onslaught of more traffic, work on the expressway started in 1998, culminating in the completion of the entire expressway on November 16, 2002. The entire length of the expressway is 148.2 kilometres.

The Jingzhang Expressway gets its name by the combination of two one-character Chinese abbreviations of both Beijing and Zhangjiakou .


The Jingzhang Expressway runs within Hebei province, although the very beginning of the expressway is in Beijing municipality. For reference, the segment after the Beijing City Limits Toll Gate, heading toward Zhangjiakou, is considered the Jingzhang Expressway.

Basic Route: Badaling Expressway - Donghuayuan - Huailai - Xiahuayuan - Zhangjiakou

Status: The entire expressway is complete and open to traffic.

The expressway passes through a massive bridge over the Guanting Reservoir. The scenery is splendid, even in cloudy conditions, as one is literally transported over a vast expanse of water and natural peninsulas. The scenery then is full of hills; the views are splendid.


The expressway was created in segments, starting in Hebei. The difficult part was how to get it across the Guanting Reservoir. Previously, traffic was supposed to make a detour, so as not to create a bridge across the reservoir. However, in the end, a bridge across the Guanting Reservoir was built and the expressway's total distance was thus shortened.

The Jingzhang Expressway's final segment -- that linking it to the Badaling Expressway -- was completed in November 2002. As of that moment, traffic could flow directly from Beijing through to Zhangjiakou in the form of a direct expressway.

Mega Traffic Jam of October 2004

In October 2004, due to both excessive checks on lorries carrying excess load and the forced unloading of excess lorries, the expressway virtually broke down and created a massive traffic jam that would last for over a month. A massive, 56 hour+ traffic jam erupted. After October 8, 2004, the checkpoint at Kangzhuang, Beijing, forced large lorries to undergo a unified weight inspection. Given that winter was coming, and many lorries were overloaded with coal, a great number of lorries failed the test. The result: the authorities enforced a rule of "unload or we won't let you through".

The roads were saved -- but not the traffic jams. Virtually overnight, a massive traffic jam piled up for traffic heading for Beijing. China National Highway 110 was also affected.

Potential trouble spots:
Guanting service area
Toll gates
Major checkpoint at Kangzhuang, Beijing

At the toll station in Daijiaying, and at every exit in the Beijing direction, road signs urged drivers to use China National Highway 110 instead of the Jingzhang Expressway. The traffic jam meant that traffic that would take two hours to travel from Zhangjiakou to Beijing now took nearly two days.

These traffic jams continued on and off well into 2005. As a result, a ''second'' expressway linking Beijing to Zhangjiakou is in the plans.

Reason for the jams: bureaucracy. At every change of jurisdiction, there was a toll gate where lorries not only paid their tolls but also underwent weight examinations. Trouble was, every province had different standards and did not recognise the certificates issued from toll gates in other provinces claiming that the lorries were not overloaded. Beijing enforced a very low tolerance and forced even passenger cars to undergo the weight examination.

If a lorry was overweight, it had to unload and pass through the test again. Few people cooperated, instead willing to sit it out by parking their lorries on the hard shoulder of the expressway. The average time it took for a lorry to get through the test varied: 5 - 50 minutes, depending on the results.

Road Conditions

Speed Limit

Most of the expressway has a speed limit of 110 km/h. Hillier terrain has a lower speed limit of 80 km/h. The Guanting Bridge has a maximum speed limit of 80 km/h. Speed checks are rare.


Entire stretch charges tolls. Toll system not networked.


4 lanes throughout.

Surface Conditions

Moderately good.


Traffic conditions to Zhangjiakou from Beijing: Very good.

Traffic conditions to Beijing from Zhangjiakou: Good.

Major Exits

Donghuayuan, Huailai, Jimingyi, Xiahuayuan, Zhangjiakou.

Service Areas

Guanting Service Area is next to the Guanting Bridge.


Badaling Expressway: Becomes the Badaling Expressway 60 km from Beijing.

Xuanda Expressway: Becomes the Xuanda Expressway after Exit No. 5 . The Jingzhang Expressway actually spins off to the right; if one continues straight ahead, one heads for Datong in Shanxi province instead.

List of Exits

Symbols: ↗ = exit, ? = main interchange; ? = central toll gate; S = service area

Listed are exits heading west and northwest from Beijing

: Continues from Badaling Expressway
? Beijing City Limits Toll Gate
↗ 1: Donghuayuan
''Guanting Reservoir Bridge''
S Guanting Service Area
↗ 2: Chicheng, Huailai
↗ 3: Jimingyi
↗ 4: Xiahuayuan
? Daijiaying
? 5: '''' Zhangjiakou, Banpojie

Jingshi Expressway

The Jingshi Expressway is an expressway in China which links Beijing to the Shijiazhuang. It is c. 270 km in length. Its road numbering is G030. It forms part of the Jingzhu Expressway.

Opened in full in 1993, the expressway runs in a southwest direction, linking the capital of China with the capital of Hebei province.

The Jingshi Expressway gets its name by the combination of two one-character Chinese abbreviations of both Beijing and Shijiazhuang .


Beijing Section

The expressway starts from Liuliqiao on the southwestern 3rd Ring Road, passes through the 4th Ring Road at Yuegezhuang, and then approaches a heavily industrialised area, the Xidaokou area near Shougang. On the way out of Beijing, one passes through the famous Luguoqiao area - home to the Marco Polo Bridge and Wanping, marking where the Sino-Japanese war began in 1937.

The Dujiakan toll gate follows after a bridge crossing what used to be a vast Yongding River. After the toll gate, the expressway links to roads connecting to Fangshan District and Liangxiang satellite town. A link to the opened on December 20, 2004.

The expressway also links Beijing to the Zhoukoudian Peking Man cave, as well as Yunju Temple.

The Beijing portion of the expressway ends after the Liulihe exit . Maps ''incorrectly'' point out that the final exit in the Beijing portion ends at Doudian . Before the Beijing portion ends, a service area appears. A toll gate follows just outside of city/municipality limits.

Hebei Section

The Hebei portion of the expressway starts right before the Beijing South Toll Gate. As of the Hebei portion , the expressway shrinks from 6 lanes to 4 lanes . The large "lawn" in the middle of the expressway separate the two sets of carriageways going in different directions is no more as of the Hebei portion.

Some distance after the toll gate when entering Hebei, a service area appears as well.

The naming of the very expressway gets confusing after one enters the Hebei portion. The expressway toll invoices claim the Jingshi Expressway. However, entrance signs welcome drivers onto the Jingshen Expressway . Yet, the smaller signs indicating the kilometrage announces the expressway as the Jingzhu Expressway heading toward Zhuhai.


Claimed as the first completed expressway in mainland China, construction began in April of 1986 and was completed in segments, culminating eventually in November of 1993, although the Beijing section was opened around the start of the 1990s.

In early February 2004, a traffic accident occurred when a lorry driver, who was in the middle of repairing a tyre, was literally thrown into the middle of the road, as a result of a huge jet of air which came from the tyre change. The driver then was hit by an oncoming vehicle, causing a deadly casualty.

By July 2004, the Beijing section was fully fitted with physical carriage separation facilities, making a U-turn on the expressway impossible.

News from September 2004 spread that the central toll gate at Beijing South/Zhuozhou would soon be expanded to twenty lanes instead of the current ten lanes. The current central toll gate is often home to traffic jams, as its size is way too small.

There will be a direct link to the expressway from Caihuying Bridge on the through Fengbei Bridge.

''Beijing Section:'' Major roadworks began on the surface of the expressway on April 15, 2005. For 2005, roadworks are expected to finish on September 30; remaining segments of the expressway will remain under construction for part of 2006. The central reservation and road signage were all vastly improved with the roadworks.

Jingshi Oddities


As one leaves Beijing on the expressway from the Southwestern 3rd Ring Road at Liuliqiao, one enters into what is apparently one of the oldest expressways in the area. Road conditions reveal the age of expressway. Signs are nonstandard, exit numbering looks erratic, and often English is lacking on the road signs . Arabic numbers on the signposts, more often than not, appear deformed or stretched.

The fonts in English are another problem. Older signs have English/Pinyin in very small type, making them a real challenge to read. The problems are being solved now, as most plates are being replaced with newer signs which have English letters in much more legible type.

Emergency Services

Except for a short part of the road from Dujiakan to Zhaoxindian, there is virtually no hard corner to speak of. Cars in need must be driven to the next emergency bay, of which there are many along the way.

Signpost Oddities

The exit number is shown at the bottom right hand corner of the exit sign, instead of being at the bottom left hand corner as is standard everywhere else on PRC expressways.

Road signs signalling the reduction of lanes use a previous, archaic and abandoned image.

Exit numbering is chaotic. Exits number 1 through 5 in the Beijing portion appear before the Dujiakan toll gate. After that, the numbering is instantly raised to exits number 10 through 18. Following a switch of jurisdiction to Hebei, the numbering is reset and recommences at zero. All other Chinese expressways use a numbering system which is uniform throughout the entire expressway and does not change or jump figures when toll gates, jurisdiction changes, etc... are passed through.

When entering the Hebei portion, the first exit to the TV and Cinema city is numbered zero.

Signs indicating the overtaking lane, the carriageways and the hard shoulder are completely in Chinese characters in the Beijing segment .

However, modernised and newer signs ''do'' exist. The entire exit number 15 uses brand-new signs of the new standard that even indicate the level of the expressway and the expressway road numbering. The exit number is shown on the ''bottom left hand corner'' at this very exit.

Road Conditions

Speed Limit

Beijing Section: 90 km/h from Liuliqiao through to Dujiakan Toll Gate; 110 km/h from Dujiakan Toll Gate through to the border with Hebei. Negligible section around 6th Ring Road intersection imposes a maximum speed limit of 100 km/h.
Hebei Section: Uniform maximum speed limit of 120 km/h.


The section southwest of the SW 5th Ring Road charges tolls. There are toll gates at Dujiakan , South Beijing, and at Shijiazhuang.

For the expressway , there is currently no networked toll system -- one pays upon entering a different jurisidiction. However, an IC-card system is, apparently, on the drawing board. Tolls are only networked with the 6th Ring Road in Beijing.


Beijing Section: 6 lanes uniformly. ''Exception:'' Dujiankan Toll Gate - Zhaoxindian has 4 lanes . No emergency belt where there are 6 lanes.
Hebei Section: 4 lanes , with emergency belt.

Surface Conditions

Beijing Section: Average to poor at times.
Hebei Section: Good to fair.

Conditions are mediocre to poor in some areas in the Beijing segment, but it gets better in the Hebei part. Before this was rectified in July of 2004, one of the oddest features of this expressway's Beijing segment was that, at times, there was no central physical structure -- not even a barrier -- to separate the carriageways running in opposite directions in the Beijing portion. Relief came by the end of July 2004, when the entire Beijing segment was fitted with a central barrier.


Good. Smooth and flowing.

Major Exits

3rd Ring Road, 4th Ring Road, 5th Ring Road, Yancun, , Doudian, Zhuozhou, Dingxing, Baoding, Shijiazhuang

Service Areas

At least one service area in Beijing; more in the Hebei section.


Ring Roads of Beijing: Connects with the SW 3rd Ring Road at Liuliqiao, the SW 4th Ring Road at Yuegezhuang, the SW 5th Ring Road at Wanping, and the SW 6th Ring Road at Liyuan Bridge.

Baojin Expressway: Connects with the Baojin Expressway near Baoding .

Shitai Expressway: Connects with the Shitai Expressway to Taiyuan at Shijiazhuang .

Shicang Expressway: Connects with the Shicang Expressway to Cangzhou at Shijiazhuang .

Shian Expressway: Connects with the Shian Expressway to Anyang and Zhengzhou at Shijiazhuang .

List of Exits

Symbols: ↗ = exit , ? = closed exit, ? = main interchange; ? = central toll gate; S = service area

Beijing Section

Listed are exits heading southwest as of Beijing

? 1: '''' Gongzhufen, Yuquanying

? 3: '''' Xisihuan, , Fuxing Road
↗ 4: Yuquan Road, Wulidian
? 5: '''' Wanping Town, 5th Ring Road
''Dujiakan Toll Gate''
↗ 10: Zhaoxindian/Changxindian, Yungang
↗ 11: Changyang,
↗ 12: Liangxiang Airport
↗ 14: Liangxiang, Yancun,
? 15: ''''
:? 15A: '''' --
:? 15B: '''' --
↗ 16 / ↗ 17 : Doudian, Jiaodao
S Service Area
↗ 18: Nanzhao, Liulihe, Hancun River ''-- this exit is not shown on some maps''
? Beijing South Toll Gate

Hebei Section

Listed are exits heading south and southwest as of Beijing South Toll Gate

↗ 0: TV and Film Centre
↗ 1: Gu'an, Zhuozhou
S Zhuozhou
↗ 2: Tianjin,
↗ 3: Tianjin, Dingxing
↗ 4: Tianjin, Xushui
? '' Baojin Expressway
S Service Area
Baoding South
S Service Area
Shijiazhuang Airport
? Shijiazhuang

Jingshen Expressway

The Jingshen Expressway is an expressway in China which links Beijing to Shenyang. It is 658 km in length.

It leaves Beijing heading east and is numbered G025. The expressway crosses the jurisdictions of Beijing municipality, Hebei province, Tianjin municipality and Liaoning province.

The Jingshen Expressway gets its name by the combination of two one-character Chinese abbreviations of both Beijing and Shenyang .


The Jingshen Expressway runs through the municipalities of Beijing and Tianjin, as well as the provinces of Hebei and Liaoning.

Basic Route: Beijing - Xianghe - Jixian County - Jinwei - Tangshan - Beidaihe - Qinhuangdao - Shanhaiguan - Jinzhou - Panjin - Anshan - Shenyang

Status: The entire expressway is complete.

Note: The expressway abruptly finishes in Beijing on the . From the looks of it, it may be possible that the expressway would be extended into the .


The Jingshen Expressway's predecessor was the short-lived Jingqin Expressway , which did not start from central Beijing at all.

The Jingshen Expressway was completed in time for the 50th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. The expressway opened to the general motoring public on September 15, 1999, after four years of work on different sections.

Further streamlining of the expressway came with the merger and removal of several toll stations in 2003.

By September 2004, uneven road surfaces in the Beijing section became a thing of the past.

Early on October 8, 2004, a horrendous series of car crashes occurred on the expressway heading for Beijing, near the interchange with the Jinji Expressway, in Tianjin municipality. 36 vehicles were involved, most being victims of a series of rear end collisions. Traffic was locked up for over one and a half hours starting from 8 AM.

Road conditions

Speed limit

120 km/h in Tianjin section; otherwise 110 km/h throughout.


Tolls apply for the stretch beginning east of Bailu Toll Gate, east of the 5th Ring Road .


6 lanes .

Surface conditions

Variable; generally good.


Generally good.

Major exits

Shiyuan , Huoxian, Xianghe , Baodi , Jinwei, Yutian, Tangshan , Beidaihe, Shanhaiguan, Jinzhou , Panjin, Anshan, Shenyang

Service areas

Plenty in number.


Ring Roads of Beijing: Connects with the E. 4th Ring Road at Sifang Bridge, the E. 5th Ring Road at Wufang Bridge, and the E. 6th Ring Road at Shiyuan Bridge.

Jinji Expressway: Connects at Jinwei heading for either Jixian County or central Tianjin.

Tangshan City Ring Road: Becomes the northern stretch of the city ring road expressway, and connects at two points to central Tangshan.

Toll network

When the expressway opened in September 1999, people were complaining about one thing: namely, the ''sheer number'' of toll gates. In some cases, a toll booth appeared every ''15'' kilometres!

It so turned out that the Jingshen expressway was constructed by different organisations, and as a result, each set up their own toll gate. This seemed to be OK at the start, but made traffic awfully slow, as traffic piled up in front of toll gates.

The PRC's Ministry of Communications stepped in after four years and declared that, effective September 1, 2003, the Baodi toll gate in Tianjin and the Yutian toll gate in Hebei would be demolished, in order to create a networked toll system. Additionally, two expressway toll gates near Shanhaiguan would be merged as one.

Thus, for the section from Xianghe in western Hebei through to Shanhaiguan in eastern Hebei , this networked toll system applies -- one of the first of its kind. This does away with the previous system, where toll booths appeared every time the jurisdiction changed. For some odd reason, Beijing and Liaoning are still not part of the networked toll system.

China plans to expand the networked toll system nationwide, starting with the Jingshen expressway as some kind of testing ground. For now, the change is being accepted positively. Average speed on the expressway has gone up, and a May 2004 law on traffic in general raised maximum speed limits on expressways nationwide from 110 km/h to 120 km/h. This makes traffic jams on this expressway either rare, or a thing of the past.

List of exits

Symbols: ↗ = exit, ? = main interchange; → = only on way out of Beijing; ? = central toll gate; P = parking area; S = service area

Beijing section

Listed are exits heading east as of Beijing

? '''' Dongsihuan
'''' 5th Ring Road
? Bailu
↗ 1: Tongmalu
S Tianjiafu
? 2: '''' E. 6th Ring Road
↗ 3: Tianjin, Huoxian
↗ 4: Langfu, Zhanggezhuang
P Langfu
↗ 5: Xiji, Hehezhan

Hebei section

Listed are exits heading east as of Xiji/Xianghe boundary crossing

↗ Xianghe Xianghe, Dachang
S Xianghe
? Xianghe

Tianjin section

Listed are exits heading east as of provincial/municipal boundary crossing

? '''' Jinji Expressway

Hebei section

Listed are exits heading east, gradually northeast, as of provincial/municipal boundary crossing

↗ 11; Yutian, Shijiuwo
S Yutian
↗ 12; Yaohongqiao
↗ 13; Tangshan North, Zunhua
↗ 14; Tangjin Expressway, Tianjin
S Guye
S Lulong
? Toll Gate
↗ 22: Shanhaiguan

Liaoning section

Listed are exits heading northeast as of Shanhaiguan/Wanjia boundary crossing

S Wanjia
S Qianwei
S Suizhong
S Dongxinzhuang
S Xingcheng
Huludao East
S Tashan
S Jinzhou
Jinzhou East
Jinzhou North
S Dongguo
S Liaozhong